This module equips the participants with a clear process to solve problems and make decisions. It gives a step-by step method which demystifies these skills and leads to more sound decision-making.
Following the completion of the course and assignment, the leader will be able to:
- Describe a problem, its nature, scope and impact
- Gather and interpret information to identify possible solutions to a problem
- Prepare a summary of the options providing facts and evidence
- Apply a simple decision-making technique to evaluate options to arrive at the best solution
- Plan the implementation and communication of the decision
- Describe which monitoring and review techniques could be used to evaluate outcomes
Ways to recognise, define, investigate and analyse problems
Objective setting in relation to problem
Brainstorming, problem solving and creative thinking techniques
Difference between data and information
How to calculate and use simple averages and basic summary statistics
How to prepare and use grouped data and tables
Interpretation of charts and diagrams
Methods of indexing, referencing and structuring qualitative information
A series of exercises are used to demonstrate and allow practice in approaching and solving problems. These begin with simple practical problems, but progress in complexity and realism as the day goes on.
How to evaluate options
The importance of adequate and relevant information for effective decision-making
Identification of what information is relevant to specific decisions
The use of simple planning techniques- action plans, Gantt charts
Effective presentation of a case – i.e. providing facts and evidence, not just opinion
Monitoring and review techniques to evaluate outcomes of problem solving activities
The second half of the day has an extended experiential exercise so that new tools can be applied in a complex problem-solving exercise. Peer and instructor coaching is used to ensure the tools and concepts are being applied effectively.